Were Neanderthals Cannibals? Archaeological evidence from Krapina, Croatia shows that Neanderthal fossils exhibited signs of cannibalism, including cut marks. Did Neanderthals eat each other? Exploited a new "food" source when times were harsh? Not so fast, said paleoanthropologist and archaeologist Jörg Orschiedt from the University of Hamburg in Germany. He said that cut marks in the Krapina sample were randomly distributed and were not necessarily in locations where defleshing generally occurs, which is where the muscles attach themselves to the bones. Orschiedt thinks that the cut marks come from researchers that were measuring these bones with sharp measuring tools.
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